Pitting resistance equivalent number (PREN) is a predictive measurement of the pitting corrosion resistance of various types of stainless steel.
How to choose the most suitable steel?
Such as steel, you have to choose and why?
When designing is preferable to choosing steels with a passive film. Let’s see in particular:
- Austenitic steels: PREN = (%Cr) + 3.3 (%Mo) + 16 (%N)
- Ferritic steels: PREN = (%Cr) + 3.3 (%Mo)
- Duplex steels PREN = (%Cr) + 3.3 (%Mo) + 30 (%N)
But what are the values of PREN steels? Let’s review some:
- AISI 304L (austenitic) 18
- AISI 316L (austenitic) 24
What to avoid during the creation and use?
Now we have look how to proceed when designing. But what do you do during the realization and utilization? For the first is crucial to prevent surface roughness and zones with the protective layer compromise. And what to do specifically?
- Decontaminate surfaces from ferrous tracks
- Polish carefully the surface of prosthesis in contact with aggressive medium
- Use pastes to:
– mechanically remove the layer of metallic oxides that form on weld and heat affected zones (pickling pastes)
– restore the protective layer so as to ensure optimal oxygenation conditions during the process (passivating pastes)
- avoid heating the artifact within the critical range in welding processes. In fact, at that specific time is the precipitation of chromium carbide edges of the grains.
And if the corrosion phenomenon has triggered what should I do during use? Initially you will need to remove the pitted area (if that is possible), using mechanical means or abrasive suspensions. Only then you can proceed to the passivation of surface, thanks to specific passivating pastes.
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